In dismissing Torralva's claims, the appeals court said:
Each of Torralva’s causes of action are based on appellees’ allegedly taking action against him for conduct that they viewed as inappropriate for an associate pastor. There was no evidence adduced that Torralva’s reputation was harmed outside of the Church community.... Thus, trial on Torralva’s claims would require an analysis of "church discipline, ecclesiastical government, or the conformity of the members of the church to the standard of morals required." ... The ecclesiastical abstention doctrine precludes subject matter jurisdiction over those causes of action.